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Unicorn in the Bible ?

The Bible does confirm the existence of unicorns, of which some translations speak? Back shown on this issue from some of the works of the museum.
Through the centuries have formed the myths that speak of an animal body and the head of a horse, but the legs of a deer and the tail of a lion. The feature may be the most typical of this legendary creature is the single horn twisted it bears on the front.
Renee Tomb of Orleans-Longueville (1508 - 1515), RF 3501 sixteenth century
Celestine Church in Paris, Michel Colombe Alabaster Richelieu ground floor room 11
Above the enfeu two cherubs supporting the arms of Claude de France.
Unicorns, heraldic supports the foot of the recumbent symbolize virginity.
Unicorn wearing a pair of vases on the back  
AO 26590
Sully RdC salle 11 vit 6a Age du Fer I,
XIVe - IXe siècle avant J.-C.
Terre cuite
La Vierge à l'Enfant entre sainte Justine et saint Georges,
avec un bénédictin agenouillé inv 139
dit VÉRONÈSE, vers 1554 
Denon 1er salle 6, de la Joconde

The Bible and unicorns

It was once believed that the unicorn horn contained a poison. Some Assyrian and Babylonian monuments bear representations of animals to a horn. It is estimated today that it is deer, goats, cows or bulls in profile, at an angle that does not show the two horns. AA195

The unicorn is mentioned since the ancient Greeks as the monoceros. AA196

It became the most important imaginary animal of the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, whether in the iconography of medieval bestiaries as a very fierce animal deer symbol purity and grace, or in encyclopedias its horn which has the power to purify water from any poison and cure diseases.  
"And the unicorns shall come down with them, and
the bullocks with the bulls”
Isaiah 34:7 (KJV)

The Scriptures refer
nine times an animal
the Hebrew term re'em.
Wild ox or aurochs
would be the most exact sense
Saci Bible, the translation of King James and other versions (Webster’s Bible) talk about unicorns. But this is not the case with modern versions that make Hebrew accurately. The scriptures mention nine times an animal by the Hebrew term re'em (Numbers 11:22 p.m.; 24: 8; Deuteronomy 33:17; Job 39: 9, 10; Psalm 10:21 p.m.; 29: 6; 92:10; Isaiah 34: 7). Translators have long been in doubt as to the identity of the animal. The Greek Septuagint rendered re'em in the sense of 'one-horned' or unicorn. The Latin Vulgate often translates rhinoceros.
"And the wild-oxen shall come down with them.”
Isaiah 34:7, ASV
“But you will exalt my strength
like that of a wild bull

Psalm 92:10, NWT
Modern biblical scholars have nevertheless greatly sheds light on re'em. This word means "wild horse", known by the scientific name of bos primigenius. This is a subdivision of the large family of horned ungulates. Some poetic passages of the Old Testament evoke a powerful and splendid horned animal called re'em. He was known to be a strong and stubborn animal (Job 39:10, 11), but also faster (Numbers 11:22 p.m.; 24: 8). Moses mentioned its horns in a pictorial allusion to the two powerful tribes who come out of the two son of Joseph. (Deuteronomy 33:17).

This word is rendered by 'unicorn' or 'rhino' in many versions, but many modern translations prefer 'wild oxen' (World English English), 'bull' (Jerusalem),’reems’ (Young’s Literal Translation) 'buffaloes' (Darby Version, 21 Segond, Thompson) or 'Auroch' (Chouraqui ). AA197
La chasse au taureau sauvage   RF 1725 
Antoine-Louis BARYE Plâtre retouché à la cire 
Richelieu RdC salle 33 vit 12
The aurochs (wild ox or bull) has apparently extinct in the XVII century, but scholars have come to the conclusion that it was significantly different from the unicorn whose legends speak. Former aurochs was a high body about 1.80 meters long and about 3 meters. He could weigh up to 900 kilograms, and each of its two horns could measure more than 75 centimeters long.

The Bible does not confirm the notion of unicorns, made famous by the legend. It describes exactly though brief the imposing and scary aurochs, or wild bull, which existed in biblical times until relatively recently. 
Souvenir de voyage               Paris
The Lady and the Unicorn is a hanging
composed of six tapestries dating from the end of
XVth century display at the National Museum of
the Middle Ages in Paris (Thermes et Hotel de Cluny).


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Oriental Antiquities    Oriental Antiquities Departement
Egyptian Antiquities    Egyptian Antiquities Departement
Roman Antiquities    Roman Antiquities Departement